Long Awaited Projects Of Indian Armed Forces

by Sachin Kumar on July 16, 2014

In this article we will talk about the long awaited projects of India which are yet to be completed and inducted into all the three components of the Indian Armed Forces i.e. Army, Navy, Air Force. These projects when completed will strengthen the backbone of Indian Defence. Let’s have a look in the pending projects of India.


HAL – Light Combat Aircraft Tejas

LCA Tejas is a multi-role light fighter under development by HAL. The Tejas is the second supersonic fighter developed indigenously by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited. Development of Tejas began in the 1980s to replace India’s ageing MiG-21 fighters.  Tejas has a pure delta wing configuration, with no tailplanes or foreplanes, and a single dorsal fin.  It is supersonic and highly maneuverable, and is the smallest and lightest in its class of contemporary combat aircraft.

The Indian Air Force (IAF) has ordered 200 single-seat and 20 two-seat conversion trainers, while the Indian Navy might order up to 40 single-seated aircrafts. The Tejas was cleared in January 2011 for use by Indian Air Force pilots. It received the second of three levels of operational clearance in December 2013.

HAL Rudra (Advanced Light Helicopter- Weapons System Integrated)

The HAL Rudra (ALH-WSI) is an armed version of HAL Dhruv. HAL Rudra is equipped with Forward Looking Infrared and Thermal Imaging Sights Interface, and is capable of carrying a 20 mm turret gun, 70 mm rocket pods, Anti-tank guided missiles and Air-to-Air Missiles. It has integrated sensors, weapons and electronic warfare suite and has an electronic warfare self-protection system. On-board self-defence systems include radar & missile detectors, IR jammer, chaff and flare dispensers. The helicopter can be used in both unarmed and armed roles that include reconnaissance, troop transport, anti-tank warfare and close air support.


HAL has received a combined order of 76 Rudras for the Indian army and the Indian air force. The Indian Navy conducted flight trials in 2012-13, and found the helicopter suitable for coastal surveillance operations. It was impressed with the capability of the Rudra’s sensors to track ships at 12 and 14 km.


The Sukhoi/HAL Fifth Generation Fighter Aircraft (FGFA) is a fifth-generation stealth fighter being developed by India and Russia. Two separate prototypes will be developed, one by Russia and a separate one by India. Both the Russian and Indian versions of the aircraft will be single-seater. The first aircraft is to begin testing in India in 2014, with introduction into service expected by 2022.

The FGFA will be armed with weapons of Indian origin such as the Astra, a Beyond Visual Range missile (BVR) being developed by India. Although, the aircraft will also have compatibility with other missiles. It would also include advanced Indian composites in its structure. Majority of the software would be of Indian origin, along with Indian avionics. HAL will also make about 30% design changes.


BrahMos-II or BrahMos Mark II is a hypersonic cruise missile currently under joint development by (DRDO) and Russia’s NPO Mashinostroeyenia, The BrahMos-II is expected to have a range of 290 kilometres and a speed of Mach 7. Its top speed will be double than the BrahMos-I, and it has been described as the fastest cruise missile in the world.

Design of multiple variants of the missile was completed by October 2011, with testing starting in 2012. These variants will arm the Project 15B destroyers of the Indian Navy.

INS Vikrant and INS Vishal

These two vessels are the largest warships and the first aircraft carriers to be designed and built in India. They are being built by Cochin Shipyard Limited.


Preparations for building the lead vessel INS Vikrant, started in 2008, floated out of its dry dock in 2011, and launched on 12 August 2013. With over 40,000 tonnage the carrier will be based on conventional-powered STOBAR (Short Take Off But Arrested Recovery) and is expected to enter the service by 2017.

Development of INS Vishal is yet to start.  With more than 65,000 tonnage INS Vishal will be based on Nuclear-powered CATOBAR (Catapult Assisted Take Off But Arrested Recovery) and is expected to enter the service by 2025.

Agni V and Agni VI

Agni-V is an intercontinental ballistic missile developed by (DRDO). Agni V will have the range of 5,500–5,800 km. The Agni V, can carry three MIRVs (Multiple Independently Targetable Re-entry Vehicles). Agni-VI will be a three-stage intercontinental ballistic missile with a range of 8000-10000km and is expected to carry four to six MIRVs, depending upon their weight. A few sources claim that the missile would be able to carry up to 10 MIRV warheads.


Rustom is a Medium Altitude Long Endurance unmanned combat air vehicle (UCAV) being developed by DRDO for the three services, Indian Army, Indian Navy and the Indian Air Force of the Indian Armed Forces. Rustom will replace/supplement the Heron UAVs in service with the Indian armed forces.

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